Beck Strohmer,  Elias Najarro, Jessica AusbornRune W. Berg, Silvia Tolu, “Sparse Firing in a Hybrid Central Pattern Generator for Spinal Motor CircuitsNeural Computation (2024) 36 (5): 759–780 (DOI).

Parinaz Abdollahian, Kunyang Sui, Guanghui Li, Jiachen Wang, Cuiling Zhang, Yazhou Wang,  Rune W. Berg, Marcello Meneghetti, Christos Markos, “In vivo evaluation of thermally drawn biodegradable optical fibers as brain neural interfaces” BioRxiv 2024 (DOI)

Cuiling Zhang, Kunyang Sui, Marcello Meneghetti, Jose Enrique Antonio-Lopez, Manoj K. Dasa, Rune W. Berg, Rodrigo Amezcua-Correa, Yazhou Wang, Christos Markos, “Mid-infrared photoacoustic brain imaging enabled by cascaded gas-filled hollow-core fiber lasers” BioRxiv 2024 (DOI)

Jaspreet KaurSalif A. KomiOksana DmytriyevaGrace A. HouserMadelaine C. A. Bonfils, Rune W Berg, “Pedunculopontine-stimulation obstructs hippocampal theta rhythm and halts movement” In Review 2024 (Research Square)

Pietro Metuh, Marcello Meneghetti, Rune W. Berg, Christos Markos “In vivo multi-site electrophysiology enabled by flexible optrodes towards bi-directional spinal cord interrogation” Optical Fiber Technology 82, 103632, 2024 (DOI).


K. Sui, A. Ioannou, M. Meneghetti, G. Li, R. W. Berg, K. Kalli, C. Markos “Temperature sensing of the brain enabled by directly inscribed Bragg gratings in CYTOP polymer optical fiber implants” Optical Fiber Technology vol. 80, 103478, 2023 (DOI).

K. Sui, M. Meneghetti, G. Li, A. Ioannou, P. Abdollahian, K. Kalli, K. Nielsen, R. W. Berg, C. Markos “In vivo brain temperature mapping using polymer optical fiber Bragg grating sensors” Optics Letters 48, 4225-422, 2023 (DOI).

Yuanrui Dong, Shirong Wang, Qiang Huang, Rune W. Berg, Guanghui Li, Jiping He, “Neural decoding for intracortical brain-computer interfaces” Cyborg and Bionic systems, in press 2023 (DOI).

Kunyang Sui, Marcello Meneghetti, Rune W. Berg, Christos Markos, “Optoelectronic and mechanical properties of microstructured polymer optical fiber neural probes” Optics Express, vol. 31 (13) pp. 21563-75, 2023 (DOI).

Marcello Meneghetti,  J. Kaur, K. Sui, J.F. Sørensen, R. W. Berg, C. Markos “Soft monolithic infrared neural interface for simultaneous neurostimulation and electrophysiology” Light: Science and applications, 12:127 2023 (DOI)(PDF)

Kunyang Sui, M. Meneghetti, J. Kaur, R.J.F. Sørensen, R. W. Berg, C. Markos “Drug delivery and optical neuromodulation using a structured polymer optical fiber with ultra-high NA” Proc. SPIE 12366, Optogenetics 2023 (DOI)

Marcello Meneghetti, K. Sui, J. Kaur, J.F. Sørensen, R. W. Berg, C. Markos “Infrared neural stimulation and electrophysiology in a soft fiber-based neural interface” Proc. SPIE 12366, Optogenetics and Optical Manipulations 2023, 1236605 (DOI)


Henrik Lindén, P.C. Petersen, M. Vestergaard, Rune W. Berg “Movement is governed by rotational neural dynamics in spinal motor networks”, Nature 610 (7932), 526-531 (2022) (DOI)(Sharedit link). BSG-model code (Github). Supplementary Videos (Movie S1) (Movie S2) (Movie S3).  Supplementary Information (Link). Peer review report (Link). Read the associated “News and Views” by Martha W. Bagnall: “Neurons that control walking go round in circles” (DOI)

Jaspreet Kaur and Rune W. Berg “Viral Strategies for Targeting Spinal Neuronal Subtypes in Adult Wild-Type Rodents” Scientific Reports, 12: 8627, 2022 (Link) (PDF)

Renfei Liu, Francois Bernard Lauze, Kenny Erleben, Rune W. Berg, and Sune Darkner “Bundle Geodesic Convolutional Neural Network for diffusion-weighted imaging Segmentation”, J. Med. Imag. 9(6) 064002, 2022 (Link)

Marcello Meneghetti, J. Kaur, K. Sui, J. F. Sørensen, R. W. Berg, C. Markos, “Opsin-free optical neuromodulation and electrophysiology enabled by a soft monolithic infrared multifunctional neural interface” bioRxiv 2022 (preprint)

Marcello Meneghetti, K. Sui, J. Kaur, J. F. Sørensen, R. W. Berg, C. Markos, “Novel soft optrodes for infrared neuromodulation” Biophotonics Congress: Biomedical Optics 2022 (Link)

Kunyang Sui, Marcello Meneghetti, Jaspreet Kaur, Jakob Fleng Sørensen, Rune W. Berg and Christos Markos “Adaptive polymer fiber neural device for drug delivery and enlarged illumination angle for neuromodulation”  Journal of Neural Engineering, 19 016035, 2022 (Link)


Henrik Lindén and Rune W. Berg “Why firing rate distributions are important for understanding spinal central pattern generators”, Front. Hum. Neurosci. 15: 719388,  2021 (Link) (Python code)

B. Henriksen, K. R. Jensen, R. W. Berg, “Vasculature-staining with lipophilic dyes in tissue-cleared brains assessed by deep learning”  unpublished preprint (bioRxiv preprint)


Simon Henmar, Erik B. Simonsen, Rune W. Berg “What are the gray and white matter volumes of the human spinal cord?” 124: 1792-1797, J. Neurophysiol 2020 (Link) (Data set DOI)

Berg, RW “The Turtle as a model for spinal motor circuits” in Whelan PJ and Sharples SA (Eds). “The Neural Control of Movement: Model Systems and Tools for Examining Locomotor Function”San Diego: Elsevier inc./ Academic press, 2020: 205-219. (Link).


Marija RadosevicAlex WillumsenPeter C. PetersenHenrik LindénMikkel VestergaardRune W. Berg, “Decoupling of timescales reveals sparse convergent CPG network in the adult spinal cord” Nature Communications, 10:2937, 2019, (Link) (ReadCube) (Video abstract)

Rune W. Berg, Alex Willumsen, Henrik Lindén “When networks walk a fine line: Balance of excitation and inhibition in spinal motor circuits” Current Opinion in Physiology, 8: 76-86, 2019 (Link).


RW Berg “Commentary: Synaptic excitation in spinal motoneurons alternates with synaptic inhibition and is balanced by outward rectification during rhythmic motor network activity” Front Neural Circuits,12:1, 2018 (Link).

Perrier, J-F, HB Rasmussen, RW Berg “Intense activity of the raphe spinal pathway depresses motor activity via a serotonin dependent mechanism” Front Neural Circuits, 11:111, 2018 (Link).


RW Berg “Neuronal Population Activity in Spinal Motor Circuits: Greater Than the Sum of Its Parts” Front Neural Circuits, 11: 103, 2017 (Link).

Jensen, KHR, and Berg RW “Advances and perspectives in tissue clearing using CLARITY”, J. Chemical Neuroanatomy, 86: 19-34, 2017 (Link).

Vich, C, RW Berg, S Ditlevsen, A Guillamon “Estimation of synaptic conductances in presence of nonlinear effects caused by subthreshold ionic currents” Front. Comput. Neurosci. 11:69, 2017 (Link) .

Petersen, PC, and RW Berg “Spinal cord preparation from adult red-eared turtles for electrophysiological recordings during motor activity” Bio-protocol 7(13), e2381, 2017 (Link).

Berg, RW, MT Stauning, JB Sorensen, H Jahnsen “Comment on ‘Penetration of action potentials during collision in the median and lateral giant axons of invertebrates’” Physical Review X, 7 028001 2017 (Link) (Supplement)


Petersen, PC and RW Berg “Lognormal firing rate distribution reveals prominent fluctuation-driven regime in spinal motor networks” eLife 2016; 10.7554/eLife.18805 (Link). This publication is associated with an insight article written by Mark D. Humphries, “The Goldilocks zone of neural circuits” eLife 2016;5:e22735 (eLife link).

Jensen, KHR, RW Berg “CLARITY-compatible lipophilic dyes for electrode marking and neuronal tracing” Scientific Reports, 6:32674, 2016 (Link)


Vestergaard, M and RW Berg “Divisive gain modulation of motoneurons by inhibition optimizes muscular control” J. Neuroscience 35(8):3711-3723, 2015 (Link) Includes a cover illustration.


Petersen, PC, M Vestergaard, KHR Jensen, and RW Berg “Premotor spinal network with balanced excitation and inhibition during motor patterns has high resilience to structural division” J. Neuroscience 34(8): 2774–2784, 2014 (DOI) This publication includes cover material of the transected spinal cord.


Berg RW and Ditlevsen S, “Synaptic inhibition and excitation estimated via the time constant of membrane potential fluctuations” J. Neurophysiol. 110: 1021-1034, 2013. For the matlab code presented here, please go the page on matlab central: SynapticConductance code.


Kolind J, Hounsgaard J and Berg RW “Opposing effects of intrinsic conductance and correlated synaptic input on Vm-fluctuations during network activity” Front. Comput. Neurosci. 6:40, 2012. (Link) (pdf)


Jahn P, Berg RW, Hounsgaard J, Ditlevsen S. “Motoneuron membrane potentials follow a time inhomogeneous jump diffusion process” J. Comput Neurosci.. 2011; 31(3): 563-79

S Walloe, UV Nissen, RW Berg, J. Hounsgaard, B Pakkenberg “Stereological estimate of the number of neurons and glial cells in the spinal segment D9 of the red-eared turtle” J. Neuroscience, 31, 2431-2435, 2011.


J. Dreyer, K. Herrik, RW Berg, and J. Hounsgaard “Influence of phasic and tonic dopamine release on uptake and receptors” J. Neuroscience 30,14273-14283, 2010. 


RW BergM.-T. Chen, H.-C. Huang, M.-C. Hsiao, H. Cheng “A method for unit recording in the lumbar spinal cord during locomotion of the conscious adult rat” Journal of Neuroscience Methods, 182, 49-54, 2009 (DOI).

RW Berg and J. Hounsgaard “Signaling in large-scale neural networks” Cogn Process 10 (1 SUPPL.) pp. 9-15, 2009.


RW Berg, S. Ditlevsen and J. Hounsgaard “Intense synaptic activity enhances temporal resolution spinal motoneurons” PLoS ONE3(9): e3218, 2008. (pdf).


RW Berg, A. Alaburda and J. Hounsgaard “Balanced inhibition and excitation drives spike activity in spinal half-centers” Science, vol. 315(5810) 390-393, 2007 (DOI). Includes a cover About the cover


RW Berg, D. Whitmer, and D. Kleinfeld. “Exploratory whisking by rat is not phase-locked to the hippocampal theta rhythm” J. Neuroscience,26(24):6518-6522, 2006. (DOI) (Cover).


RW Berg, B. Friedman, L. F. Schroeder and D. Kleinfeld. “Activation of nucleus basalis facilitates cortical control of a brainstem motor program.” J. Neurophysiology 94: 699-711, 2005.


RW Berg and D. Kleinfeld, “Vibrissa movement elicited by rhythmic electrical microstimulation to motor cortex in the awake and aroused rat mimics exploratory whisking”, J. Neurophysiology 90: 2950-2963, 2003.

R. N. S. Sachdev, RW Berg, G. Champney, D. Kleinfeld, F. F. Ebner, “Unilateral vibrissa contact: changes in amplitude but not timing of rhythmic whisking”, Somatosensory & Motor Research, 20(2): 163 – 169, 2003.

RW Berg and D Kleinfeld, “Rhythmic whisking by Rat: Retraction as well as protraction of the vibrissae is under active muscular control”, J. Neurophysiology, 89: 104-117, 2003.


S.M. O’Connor, RW Berg and D. Kleinfeld, “Coherent electrical activity between vibrissa sensory areas of cerebellum and neocortex is enhanced during free whisking”, J. Neurophysiology 87: 2137-2148, 2002.


D. Kleinfeld,RW Berg, S.M. O’Connor, “Anatomical loops and their electrical dynamics in relation to whisking by rat”, Somatosensory and motor research 1999; 16(2): 69-88.